What is a Top Level Domain?

Top Level Domain - Stars Going to Top Level

re many different types of top level domains, which you can use to create an online presence. If you want to create an online presence, you should choose a top level domain that is related to your business.


The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is proposing to create hundreds of new generic top level domains (gTLDs). While critics question the need for more domains, ICANN says this will increase choice and competition on the web. The proposed top level domains can be up to 63 characters long, and some would even allow Chinese characters.

The current list of top level domains is quite limited. It includes 1980s domain extensions and 312 country code top-level domains. These domains identify countries by a two-letter code. Each ccTLD has a dedicated manager to make sure it meets local policies. The new program is not yet open to application from individuals, though.

ICANN also oversees the maintenance of protocol identifiers and reserved port numbers, which are associated with global network routes. In addition, it administers top level domains, country code TLDs, and the root domain server system. These functions are vital to the stability of the global internet. However, there are a number of concerns that have been raised by governments.

ICANN’s proposed program has been met with a strong backlash from industry and consumer groups. The Coalition for Responsible Internet Domain Oversight, led by the Association of National Advertisers, is committed to fighting ICANN’s proposed program aggressively. Among its concerns, the group cites a deeply flawed justification for the program, the risk of predatory cyber harm to consumers, and a failure to act in the public interest.

Opponents of the proposed program include global organizations, the United States government, and major corporations. The organization also states that ICANN’s proposed program is unsustainable, risks irreparable harm to the internet business community, and violates the rights of brand owners and puts consumers at risk. A full list of its members is available here.

The approval process is currently underway and is anticipated to begin as early as 2016. There are currently 1,930 applicants who have applied for new top level domains. The process takes approximately eight months and is likely to involve several rounds.


In the past year, ICANN has opened up the top level domain (TLD) space for more competition and innovation. In addition to promoting competition, ICANN is also committed to protecting critical information and the interests of business and consumers. The new TLD programme will allow over 500 companies and organizations to apply for nearly 2,000 new TLDs. However, the launch of the new TLD program was not without controversy. For instance, more than half of all applications were made by organizations and companies based in the United States. Companies such as Donuts applied for more than three times as many gTLDs as the next-largest competitor.

The ICANN contract contains several requirements for gTLD applicants. The first of these requirements requires that the applicant meet certain standards and best practices set forth by the organization. The new gTLDs will have to adhere to the rules and policies set out in the Applicant Guidebook. Furthermore, ICANN will not allow any application that violates these standards.

ICANN is responsible for managing and coordinating unique names and identifiers on the Internet. The gTLDs were approved in mid-2011 and expanded to over one thousand. These gTLDs include a number of official domain extensions and sponsored top level domains, which are proposals from private organizations. In many cases, sponsored top level domains are intended to promote a specific community theme.

Other gTLDs include country-code and generic top-level domains. For example, Australia.AU and Aruba.AW are examples of closed country-code TLDs. Other examples include Canada’s.CA and Chile.CM and the European Union’s.EU.EE and Japan’s.JP.

Top-level domains are an essential part of a website’s structure. Before you purchase a domain, it is essential to learn about the different TLDs available. Once you have chosen a domain, you must then 301 redirect all pages of your website to your new one. This can take months, and will affect your SEO content marketing efforts.

Besides domains, there are also generic top-level domains (gTLDs). These are the most widely used top-level domains. They are based on three or more characters and are available for registration by anyone. Initially, these domains were created to differentiate geographically-related websites. However, over time, regulations imposed more stringent restrictions. Nowadays, only three of these top-level domains are unrestricted and can be registered by anyone.


Country-code top-level domains (ccTLDs) are a type of top-level domain on the Internet. These are reserved for identifiers for countries or their dependent territories. They are all two-letter ASCII identifiers. Generally, these are reserved for use by the country or its governmental entities.

There are various reasons why a country-specific ccTLD might be desirable. For example, many languages have specific alphabets. These top-level domains may be more appropriate for a country-specific business or an ethnic website. However, these domains are not always offered. In addition, some countries offer only one or two ccTLDs.

While there are many uses for ccTLDs, some websites are using them without any geographic or language-specific intent. Therefore, Google sees some of them as generic country-code top-level domains. They may not have internationalization power, but they are still valuable to many online businesses.

Another benefit of using a country-code top-level domain is that it can geo-target a website. This will improve your search engine rankings in a certain region. For example, if your website is based in China, it can be listed in the Chinese language, which helps with local SEO. It also helps users understand the country of origin. Google even has a geotargetable domain list for you to use if you want to geo-target a website.

Another reason to use ccTLDs is that they are easier to remember. There are 316 of these on the IANA website as of September 2020. The country code top-level domains are not difficult to reverse-map, and many businesses are using them to tap into local markets and localize their websites.

Despite the benefits of ccTLDs, these top-level domains must be operated in accordance with local laws. This means that the organisation setting the policy must ensure that the organisation is responsible for balancing the interests of the local community. Additionally, the proposal must document the mechanisms by which the local community can input and support the proposed manager. This can include letters of support from interested parties and public consultations.

Another benefit of ccTLDs is that they are available in every country around the world. Unlike the generic top-level domains, these are reserved for specific types of entities. In other words, you have to be a member of a community or represent a certain entity to register for such domains.

Sponsored top-level domains are domain names that are recognized by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). The ICANN manages the root zone of the DNS, the protocol that the World Wide Web uses. To register a sTLD, you need to use an ICANN-accredited registrar. ZappyHost is an ICANN-accredited domain name registrar that guides you through the registration process.

Sponsored top-level domains are unique domain names that are sponsored by an organization or community. They are used in the Domain Name System to identify specific types of websites and are often geographically-based or ethnically specific. Sponsored TLDs have specific rules that must be adhered to in order to maintain the best interests of the sponsored Internet community.

While generic top-level domains are mostly unrestricted, sponsored TLDs are limited in their availability. Unlike generic top-level domains, sponsored top-level domains are limited to certain categories and can only be registered by specific organizations. These restricted domains are intended for professional developers and developer companies that are looking to build a website that targets specific markets.

In the case of sponsored top-level domains, the site administrator has the option of choosing a domain name that reflects a specific commercial or ethnic interest. ICANN has approved nearly two thousand applications for new top-level domains. Some have gone live already, and many more are scheduled to come online throughout the year.

The new top-level domains may be useful for your website, but remember that new TLDs are not for everyone. Before registering a new domain name, consider your audience, branding, and site’s value. Keep in mind that the Internet landscape is constantly evolving, and it’s crucial to stay on top of the latest trends.

Your website’s top-level domain is a part of its identity and can affect your SEO efforts. You’ll want to avoid TLDs with negative associations, as these could harm your site’s reputation with search engines. Additionally, there are certain TLDs that are associated with spam or nefarious activities.